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Medical specialisation - Medical Residency in Europe

Medical specialization (Medical Residency training programs) in Europe for foreigner’s specialists: Most of European Universities accept foreign students for specialization and PhD studies.

The admission requirements to Medical Residency Programs depend on medical credentials, citizenships and language abilities of medical student. Note that medical residency students receive a salary for the work as a specialist in training in all West European Countries, while in most East European countries, the residency student must paid annually tuition fee for speciation.The tuition fees vary within diferent universities and internal medical residency programs. 

Evaluation and improvement of medical residency training programs is the priority and not the setting up of qualifying examinations. Therefore, medical specialties are being intensively reconsidered in the all-European countries promoting improvement of educational training programs.

Medical specialization training (residency) in Europe takes place at the Medical University Hospitals or affiliated clinics and is full-time program in a position with duties pertaining to the curricula of respective medical specialties.  Every medical University, has a Commission of Professors for Postgraduate Education working directly with medical Universities, and admits to the Specialty State Examination only the candidates who have completed the respective specialization curricula successfully (medicine, dentistry or pharmacy).

To get into residency program in European Medical Universities in EEA member countries, European medical graduate students must pass  an entrance test.  Prior to final residency admission in Europe, medical postgraduate student (EU or non-EU candidates) should have good competency in national language of respective country or take a 9-month preparatory course.  

Therefore, prospective international residency candidates in Romania who do not have good command of Romanian language are admitted to residency on condition the follow one-year Romanian language course.  After getting Romanian language certificate, postgraduate students from EEA member countries must seat for national entrance exam to the residency. Successful EEA candidate will get monthly salary during all residency period. Those from outside of EEA member countries are directly admitted presenting certificate of Romanian language, acceptance letter and prove of tuition fee payment. This is common procedure for most East European countries (Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Poland etc.) with eventual slight differences.

Tuition fees for residency program in Europe for non-EEA students depend on country, university and specialty. It varies from 5000 Euro to 7700 Euros/year.  Tuition fee for national language Preparatory course varies from 2700 to 3600 Euros for one-year program.

Even if to get in Medical specialization in Europe is becoming more and more hard, it is still possible for all graduate students who fulfill all requirements. The list of document required to apply to specialization in Europe may vary from country to country and university to university. 

Requirement for Medical Residency program in Europe


  • Application Form for the specialty (vary universities);
  • Curriculum Vitae;
  • Notarized (authenticated) Copy of University Medical Degree, High Education academic certificate and records (transcrip) of completed medical education;
  • Medical Certificate;
  • Certificate of competency or proficiency of national language (ex. Romania, Hungarian, German, Bulgarian, etc.. Those who do not speak the language, they first follow at least 6 months of langue before they start specialization;
  • Birth certificate;
  • Copy of passport;
Medical Specialization (Residency) in Europe
Medical universities in Europe offer a lot off specialisations (Medical Residency Programs). The list bellow is not exhaustive.
Clinical specialties:
  • Clinical allergology and immunology: 4 years
  • Anaesthesia and intensive care: 5 years
  • Infectious disses: 4 years
  • Cardiology: 5 years   
  • Dermato-venerology: 4 years
  • Diabetes mellitus, nutrition and metabolic diseases: 4 years
  • Endocrinology: 4 years
  • Medical expertise of work capability: 3 years
  • Clinical pharmacology: 4 years
  • Gastroenterology: 4 years   
  • Medical genetics: 4 years
  • Geriatrics and gerontology 4 years    
  • Haematology: 4 years
  • Family medicine: 3 years
  • Emergency medicine: 5 years 
  • Internal medicine: 5 years
  • Occupational medicine: 4 years
  • Sports medicine: 4 years
  • Nephrology: 4 years
  • Neonatology: 4 years
  • Neurology: 4 years
  • Paediatric neurology: 4 years
  • Medical oncology: 5 years       
  • Paediatrics: 5 years    
  • Pneumology: 4 years   
  • Psychiatry: 4 years
  • Paediatric psychiatry: 4 years        
  • Radiotherapy: 4 years
  • Recuperation, physical medicine and balneology: 4 years 
  • Rheumatology: 4 years
Surgical specialties:
  • Cardiovascular surgery: 6 years
  • General surgery: 6 years
  • Oral and maxillo-facial surgery: 5 years
  • Paediatric surgery: 5 years
  • Plastic surgery – reconstructive microsurgery: 5 years
  • Thoracic surgery: 5 years
  • Vascular surgery: 5 years 
  • Neurosurgery: 6 years
  • Obstetrics - gynaecology: 5 years
  • Ophthalmology: 4 years
  • Orthopaedics and traumatology: 5 years
  • E. N. T.: 4 years
  • Urology: 5 years
Para clinical specialties:

Pathological anatomy: 4 years 

  • Epidemiology: 3 years   
  • Hygiene: 3 years  
  • Laboratory medicine: 4 years 
  • Forensic medicine: 4 years
  • Nuclear medicine: 4 years
  • Radiology and medical imaging: 4 years    
  • Public health and management: 4 years
Medical Specialisation in Dentistry in Europe
  • Dento-alveolar surgery: 3 years
  • Orthodontics and dento-facial orthopaedics: 3 years
  • Endodontics: 3 years
  • Parodontology: 3 years
  • Dental prosthetics:3 years
  • Maxillofacial Surger: 5 years
  • Orthodontics: 3 years.

Medical Specialisation in Pharmacy in Europe

Residency program in Pharmacy

  • Clinical pharmacy: 3 years
  • Pharmaceutical laboratory: 3 years

PhD programs in Pharmacy

  • Discipline Drug analysis
  • Discipline Pharmaceutical biochemistry and clinical laboratory
  • Discipline Pharmaceutical botany
  • Discipline Analytical chemistry
  • Discipline Organic chemistry
  • Discipline Pharmaceutical chemistry
  • Discipline Pharmacology
  • Discipline Pharmaceutical legislation
  • Discipline Pharmaceutical technology and bio pharmacy
  • Discipline Toxicology

Medical Residency program in Romania

To get into medical residency program in Romania, medical doctor must speak Romanian language or follow one year preparatory course of Romanian language prior to specialization. At the same time he must have sufficient found to finance the residency training program and living costs.
Medical residency training in Romania is designed for 3 to 6 years depending of specialization; and annual tuition fees vary from 3800 to 7000 Euros depending on medical schools and specialization.
The candidate to medical specialization in Romania must fulfill the requirements for postgraduate studies.


  • General Medicine: 4-(graduate) & 6-year program
  • Veterinary Medicine: 6-year program
  • Dentistry: 5 to 6-year program
  • Pharmacy: 5 to 6-year program
  • Nursing: 3 to 4-year program
  • Physiotherapy: 3 to 4-year program
  • Medical specialisation: 3 to 6-year program
  • Etc.

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